CUMBRIC.ORG

English-Cumbric Dictionary

Word Definition
across tros / traws
tros / ar draws, a-dreus, a-dreuz
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
bald mail
moel, Cornish mool, moal, mail / maél, maol, maol, meayl / meayllaghey
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7, Reference 8
bare mail
moel, Cornish mool, moal, mail / maél, maol, maol, meayl / meayllaghey
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7, Reference 8
bare hill ban
ban, banno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
bellow (n) bref
bref, busell, búir or béic, bùir or beuc
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
bend (n) ystum
ystum, Cornish stumm, stumm
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
bent (a) crum
crwm / cam, kabm / kamm, crom / cam
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4

cam
cam / crwm, kabm / kamm, kamm, cam / crom, cam or crom, cam / croym, cambo-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7
black du
du, Cornish du, du, dubh, dubh, doo, dubis
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6
blood-fine galnes / galnys
galanas
Reference
boar badd
baedd / twrch, badh, torc, torc
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
bowl cib
bowlen / cib, bolla / skudel, bolenn / skudell / kib, babhla, bobhla, boull / skaaley
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7, Reference 8
bridge pont
pont, pons, pont
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
cairn carn
carn, karn or karnedh, karn, carn, càrn, carn, karnos
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6
chair cadeir
cadair, Cornish cadar/ kador
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
church egles / eglwys
eglwys, Cornish eglos, iliz, eaglais / cill, eaglais / cill, doonagh / keeill
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7

lann
llan, Cornish lan, lann, lann, lann, landa, landa, landa
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
circuit kelch
cylch
Reference 1, Reference 2
cliff alt
gallt / allt / clogwyn, Cornish als, aod, aill
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
confluence *cümber
cymer, Pictish *cuper
Reference
courtyard llis
llys / cwrt, Cornish les / lys / garth, lez, clós / cúirt / lios, cùirt / lios, close / cooyrt
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6
cowhouse *biw-ǭg
beudy, Cornish boudzhi, boutig, bótheach, bàthaich, baaieagh, *bou̯otigos, *bou̯o-tegos
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
crest ban
ban, banno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
crooked cam
cam / crwm, kabm / kamm, kamm, cam, cam or crom, cam, cambo-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7
cuckoos cogow
cogau, Cornish koges / koukous
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
dale dol
dôl, Cornish dōl, dolā / dholo-
Reference 1, Reference 2
daughter merch
merch
Reference
doorway drws
drws, doras, dorus, *du̯orestu-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
earthwork rampart racht
rath / rhath, ráth, ràth, raah, rātis
Reference
end pen(n)
Reference
end (of an object) tal
pen / tâl, Cornish tal, tal, talam, talos
Reference 1, Reference 2
farm tref
tre or tref
Reference 1, Reference 2
ferry boats cabus
ceubalau / ceubolau, kowbalow, kobili or kobiri
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
fish pysc
pysgodyn, pesk or pysk, pesk
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
forest ced / ceto-
coed, kosow / koswigow, koat, -cetum, ceto, kaito-
Reference 1, Reference 2Reference 3, Reference 4
fort cair
caer, Cornish ker, kaer, kagro-
Reference 1, Reference 2

din
din, Cornish din, din, dún, dùn, doon, dūno-, dounon
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6
glade lanerc
llannerch, Cornish lannergh, landa
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
glen cum
cwm, komm, comm, cumba
Reference 1, Reference 2
grass wellt
glaswellt / gwellt, Cornish gwels, gwelt / geot
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
Gododdin Guotodin
Gododdin, *Wotadini
Reference
green (in nature) glas
glas, Cornish glas, glas, glas, glas, Manx glass, glastum, glasto-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
hard calet
caled, kales, kalet, caleti or caletes, *kaletos
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
head pen(n)
pen, Cornish penn / pedn, penn, Ceann, πεννοουινδος, ku̯enno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
headland pen(n)
pen, Cornish penn / pedn, penn, ceann, πεννοουινδος, ku̯enno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
height ban
ban, banno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
herdsman bugail
bugail, bugel, bugel, buachaill, muthach / buachaill, *boukoli̯os, bochilley
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
high uchel
uchel, Cornish uhel, uhel, úasal, uxellos
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
hill ban
ban, banno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3

bryn
bryn / bre, Cornish bre / bronn, bre / torgenn, bruinne / brí, briga, brixs
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5

crūc
Reference

pen(n)
Reference
hollow cou
cau, Cornish kew, kou̯os
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
homestead tref
tre / tref
Reference 1, Reference 2
house ty
tŷ, Cornish chei / chi, ti / ty, teach, taigh, thie, *tegesa
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
island inis
ynys, Cornish enys, enez, oileán or inis, eilean or innis, ellan / innys
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
knife cyllell
cyllell, kollell, kontell
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
lake lin
llyn, lydn / lynn, lenn, loch / linn
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
land (n) tir
tir, Cornish teer / tir, tir, tír, tìr, çheer
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5
little go- / gwo-
go- / gwa-, go- / gwa-, gou- / gwa-, fo-, *u̯o-, ue- / uo-, *uo- / *wu-
Reference 1, Reference 2
man gwr
gŵr, gour (husband) / den, gour, fear, fear, *u̯iros, *ŭ̯̱ro-s
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6
meadow dol
dôl, Cornish dōl, dolā / dholo-
Reference 1, Reference 2
moor ros
rhos, Cornish rose / roose / rouse, roz, ross, rostos
Reference 1, Reference 2

hal
hâl, Cornish hal
Reference 1, Reference 2
mountain mynydd
mynydd, menedh / menydh, menez, (in place names): monid, monadh, moniđo-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
mountain ridge drum
drum / trum, Old druimm
Reference 1, Reference 2
pass (n) drws
drws, Old dorus, *du̯orestu-
Reference 1, Reference 2
peaky bannoc
bannog
Reference 1, Reference 2
pied breth
brith, briz / breiz, breacht, mriktos / mer- / mriktā
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
plain (n) u̯ostat
gwastad / gwastadedd, Cornish gwastas
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
point ban
ban, banno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
precipice alt
Reference
promontory ban
Reference 1, Reference 2
protuberance bal
ball
Reference 1, Reference 2
radiant pevr
pefr / disglair / llachar, skeduz
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
rath racht
rath / rhath, ráth, ràth, raah, rātis
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7
river mouth aber
aber, aber, aber
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
rock alt
gallt
Reference 1, Reference 2

carn
carn, Cornish karn, karn, carn
Reference 1, Reference 2

creig
craig
Reference 1, Reference 2
seat cadeir
cadair, Cornish cadar/ kador
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
servant gos
gwas, gwas, gwaz, old foss, -uassos, *u̯o-sto-, bochilley
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
slight go- / gwo-
Reference
slope rhiu
rhiw, Cornish riw
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
small go- / gwo-
go- / gwa-, go- / gwa-, gou- / gwa-, fo-, *u̯o-, ue- / uo-, *uo- / *wu-
Reference 1, Reference 2
small crest *gwovan
Reference
small hill *gwovan
Reference
small promontory *gwovan
Reference
speckled breth
brith, briz / breiz, breacht, mriktos / mer- / mriktā
Reference 1, Reference 2
strath ystrad
ystrad, Cornish stras, strad, srath, srath, strah
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
stream nant
nant, Cornish nance / nans / nantz / gover, ant, nanto
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
summit blain
blaen / copa / pen, Cornish gwartha / penn, blein
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3

bar / barr
bar, Cornish barr, barr, barr, barr, baare, barrus / barri, barro-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4

pen
Reference
tent pebyl / pebyll
pabell / pebyll, puball
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
top penn
pen, Cornish penn / pedn, penn, πεννοουινδος, ku̯enno-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
tree pren
coeden / pren, gwedhen / predn, gwezenn / prenn, crann, craobh / crann, billey, prenne
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7
trees ced / ceto-
coed, gwedh / gwydh, koat, -cetum, ceto, kaito-
Reference 1, Reference 2Reference 3, Reference 4
tumulus crug
crug / twmwlws, krug, krugell, Old crúach
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
under go- / gwo-
go- / gwa-, go- / gwa-, gou- / gwa-, fo-, *u̯o-, ue- / uo-, *uo- / *wu-
Reference 1, Reference 2
valley dol
dôl, Cornish dōl, dolā / dholo-
Reference 1, Reference 2

nant
cwm / glyn / nant, nance / nans / nantz, traoñienn / ant, gleann, gleann, glion, nanto
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5

ystrad
ystrad, srath
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3
willow salis
helyg, helyk, haleg, sail / saileach, sail / seileach, shellagh, salico-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4, Reference 5, Reference 6, Reference 7
woods ced / ceto-
coed, gwedh / gwydh, koat, -cetum, ceto, kaito-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3, Reference 4
yellow melyn
melyn, melyn, melen, melino-
Reference 1, Reference 2, Reference 3

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